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Volov T 21, T 22, T 23

This series became Volvo’s bestseller. In many instances it was this tractor that replaced horses on small farms. The T 21 had the same five-speed gearbox as the BM 10. The tires among other things were the same on both tractors. However, the engine in the T 21 (compare the ignition bulb engine of the BM10) was intended to run on kerosene. The engine was a four-cylinder overhead valve unit which delivered 22 hk at 1 500 r/min.

It had independent hydraulic systems, with the hydraulic oil pump driven directly from the engine.

Developed from the T 21, the T 22 had better brakes and larger wheels, among  other improvements. The T 23 was designed to run only on gasoline. It had a higher output, 28 hk at 1 800 r/min.

T 21, T 22, T 23 specifications
Engine Volvo C 4 F
Cylinders 4
Cylinder capacity, l 1,98
Rated output, hk 22
Alt. Engine Volvo C 4 B
Alt. Cylinders 4
Alt. Cylinder capacity, l 1,98
Alt. Rated output, hk 28
Gears, forward/reverse 5/1
Wheelbase, mm 1 700
Operating weight, kg 1 255
Production no.  
– T 21 1 800
– T 22 9 469
– T 23 556
Production year  
– T 21 1946–1952
– T 22 1947–1952
– T 23 1950–1952